Editor’s Note: This post was originally published in November of 2013. While a lot of the original content still stands, algorithms and strategies are always changing. Our team has updated this post for 2021, and we hope that it will continue to be a helpful resource.
For eCommerce SEO professionals, issues surrounding duplicate, thin, and low-quality content can spell disaster in the search engine rankings.
Google, Bing, and other search engines are smarter than they used to be. Today, they only reward websites with quality, unique content. If your website content is anything but, you’ll be fighting an uphill battle until you can solve these duplicate content issues.
We know how overwhelming this project can be, which is why we’ve created this comprehensive guide to identifying and resolving common eCommerce duplicate content challenges. Take a read below to get started, or reach out to our trained eCommerce SEO experts for an extra helping hand.
Table of Contents
What is Duplicate Content?
Thin, scraped, and duplicate content has been a priority of Google’s for more than a decade, ever since the first Panda algorithm update in 2011. According to its Content Guidelines, Google defines duplicate content as “substantive blocks of content within or across domains that either completely match other content or are appreciably similar.”
In short, duplicate content is the exact same website copy found on multiple pages anywhere on the internet. If you have content on your site that can be found word-for-word somewhere else on your site, then you’re dealing with a duplicate content issue.
In our time auditing and improving dozens of eCommerce websites, duplicate content issues typically arise from a large number of web pages that are mostly identical content or product pages with such short product descriptions that the content can be deemed thin, and thus, not valuable to Google or the reader (more details on thin content later on.)
Why You Should Care:
The Google duplicate content penalty is a myth — but that doesn’t mean this issue isn’t important.
While it’s not a direct ranking penalty for SEO, duplicate content can hurt your overall organic traffic if Google doesn’t know which page to rank in the SERPs.
Types of Duplicate Content in eCommerce
Not all duplicate content is editorially created. Several technical situations can lead to duplicate content issues and Google penalties.
We’ll dive into a few of these situations below:
Internal Technical Duplicate Content
Duplicate content can exist internally on an eCommerce site in a number of ways, due to technical and editorial causes.
The following instances are typically caused by technical issues with a content management system (CMS) and other code-related aspects of eCommerce websites.
- Non-Canonical URLs
- Sessions IDs
- Shopping Cart Pages
- Internal Search Results
- Duplicate URL Paths
- Product Review Pages
- WWW vs. Non-WWW Urls & Uppercase vs. Lowercase URLs
- Trailing Slashes on URLs
- HTTPS URLs: Relative vs. Absolute Path
Canonical URLs play a few key roles in your SEO strategy:
- Tell search engines to only index a single version of a URL, no matter what other URL versions are rendered in the browser, linked to from external websites, etc.
- Assist in tracking URLs, where tracking code (affiliate tracking, social media source tracking, etc.) is appended to the end of a URL on the site (?a_aid=, ?utm_source, etc.).
- Fine-tune indexation of category page URLs in instances where sorting, functional, and filtering parameters are added to the end of the base category URLs to produce a different ordering of products on a category page (?dir=asc, ?price=10, etc.).
To prevent search engines from indexing all of these various URLs, ensure that your canonical URL (in the <head> of the source code) is the same as the base category URL.
|URL/Page Type||Visible URL||Canonical URL|
|Base Category URL||https://www.domain.com/page-slug||https://www.domain.com/page-slug|
|Social Tracking URL||https://www.domain.com/page-slug?utm_source=twitter||https://www.domain.com/page-slug|
|Affiliate Tracking URL||https://www.domain.com/page-slug?a_aid=123456||https://www.domain.com/page-slug|
|Sorted Category URL||https://www.domain.com/page-slug?dir=asc&order=price||https://www.domain.com/page-slug|
|Filtered Category URL||https://www.domain.com/page-slug?price=-10||https://www.domain.com/page-slug|
It might also be beneficial to disallow crawling of the commonly used URL parameters You should also consider disallowing the crawling of commonly used URL parameters — such as “?dir=” and “&order=” — to maximize your crawl budget.
2. Session IDs
Many eCommerce websites use session IDs in URLs (?sid=) to track user behavior. Unfortunately, this creates a duplicate of the core URL of whatever page the session ID is applied to.
If session IDs must be appended to URLs, there are a few other options:
- Canonicalize the session ID URLs to the page’s core URL.
- Set URLs with session IDs to noindex. This will limit your page-level link equity potential in the event that someone links to a URL that includes the session ID.
- Disallow crawling of session ID URLs via the “/robots.txt” file, as long as the CMS system does not produce session IDs for search bots (which could cause major crawlability issues).
3. Shopping Cart Pages
When users add products to and subsequently view their cart on your eCommerce website, most CMS systems automatically implement URL structures that are specific to that experience — through unique identifiers like “cart,” “basket,” or other words.
These are not the types of pages that should be indexed by search engines.To fix this duplicate content issue, no-index these pages and then set them to “noindex,nofollow” via a meta robots tag or X-robots tag. Don’t forget to also disallow crawling of them via the “/robots.txt” file.
4. Internal Search Results
Internal search result pages are produced when someone conducts a search using an eCommerce website’s internal search feature. These pages have no unique content, only repurposed snippets of content from other pages on your site.
For several reasons, Google doesn’t want to send users from the SERPs to your internal search results. As mentioned above, the algorithm prioritizes true content pages (like product pages, category pages, blog pages, etc.).
Unfortunately, this is a common eCommerce duplicate content issue. Many CMS systems do not set internal search result pages to “noindex, follow” by default, so your developer will need to apply this rule to fix the problem. We also recommend disallowing search bots from crawling internal search result pages within the /robots.txt file.
5. Duplicate URL Paths
When products are placed in multiple categories on your site, it can get tricky. For example, if a product is placed in both category A and category B, and if category directories are used within the URL structure of product pages, then a CMS could potentially create two different URLs for the same product.
This situation can also arise with sub-category URLs in which the products displayed might be similar or exactly the same. For example, a “Flashlights” sub-category might be placed under both “/tools/flashlights/” and “/emergency/flashlights/” on an “Emergency Preparedness” website, even though they have mostly the same products.
As one can imagine, this can lead to devastating duplicate content problems for product pages, which are typically the highest converting pages on an eCommerce website.
You can fix this issue by:
- Using root-level product page URLs. Note: This does remove keyword-rich, category-level URL structure benefits and also limits trackability in Analytics software.
- Using /product/ URL directories for all products, which allows for grouped trackability of all products.
- Using product URLs built upon category URL structures. Make sure that each product page URL has a single, designated canonical URL.
- Ensuring robust intro descriptions atop category pages, to ensure each page has unique content.
6. Product Review Pages
Many CMS systems come with built-in review functionality. Oftentimes, separate “review pages” are created to host all reviews for particular products, yet some (if not all) of the reviews are placed on the product pages themselves.
To avoid this duplicate content, these “review pages” should either be canonicalized to the main product page or set to “noindex,follow” via meta robots or X-robots tag. We recommend the first method, just in case a link to a “review page” occurs on an external website. That will ensure link equity is passed to the proper product page.
You should also check that review content is not duplicated on external sites if using third-party product review vendors.
7. WWW vs. Non-WWW URLs & Uppercase vs. Lowercase URLs
Search engines consider https://www.domain.com and https://domain.com different web addresses. Therefore, it’s critical that one version of URLs is chosen for every page on your eCommerce website.
We recommend 301-redirecting the non-preferred version to the preferred version to avoid these technically created duplicate URLs.
Uppercase and lowercase URLs need to be handled in the same manner. If both render separately, then search engines can consider them different. Choose one format and 301-redirect one version to the other. Find out how to redirect uppercase URLs to lowercase here.
8. Trailing Slashes on URLs
Similar to www and non-www URLs, search engines consider URLs that render with a trailing slash and without to be unique. For example, duplicate URLs are created in situations where “/page/” and “/page/index.html” (or “/page” and “/page.html”) render the same content. Technically speaking, these two pages aren’t even in the same directory.
Fix this problem by canonicalizing both to a single version or 301-redirecting one version to the other.
9. HTTPS URLs: Relative vs. Absolute Path
HTTPS (secure) URLs are typically created after a user has logged into an eCommerce website. Most times, search engines have no way of finding these URLs. However, this can occur when a logged-in administrator is updating content and navigational links.
It’s common for an administrator not to realize that embedded URLs include HTTPS instead of HTTP in the URLs. When relative path URLs (excluding the “https://www.example.com” portion) are also used on the site (either in content or navigational links), it makes it all too easy for search engines to quickly crawl hundreds, if not thousands of HTTPS URLs, which are technically duplicates of the HTTP versions.
The most common solutions to fix this consist of using absolute path URLs (including the “https://www.example.com” portion) and ensuring that canonical URLs always use the HTTP version (“http://www.example.com”). Using 301 redirects in these cases could easily break the user-login functionality, as the HTTPS URLs would not be able to be rendered.
Internal Editorial Duplicate Content
Not all issues of duplicate content on a website are technical. Often, duplicate content occurs because the on-page content for different pages is either similar or duplicated.
The easiest fix for these issues? Write unique eCommerce copy for each individual page.
We’ll dive more into these different situations below.
- Similar Product Descriptions
- Category Pages
- Homepage Duplicate Content
1. Similar Product Descriptions
It’s easy to take shortcuts with product descriptions, especially with similar products. However, remember that Google judges the content of eCommerce websites similar to regular content sites — and taking shortcuts could lead to duplicate content product pages.
Product page descriptions should be unique, compelling, and robust — especially for mid-tier eCommerce websites looking to scale content production because they don’t have enough domain authority to compete.
Sharing copied content — short paragraphs, specifications, and other content — between pages increases the likelihood that search engines will devalue a product page’s content quality and, subsequently, decrease its ranking position.
Google recently reiterated that there is no duplicate content penalty for copy-and-pasted manufacturer product descriptions. However, we still believe unique, attractive product descriptions are an important part of your eCommerce SEO strategy.
2. Category Pages
Category pages typically include a title and product grid, which means there is often no unique content on these pages. To avoid this duplicate content issue, category page best practice recommends adding unique descriptions at the top (not the bottom, where content is given less weight by search engines) describing which types of products are featured within the category.
There’s no magic number of words or characters to use. However, the more robust the category page content is, the better chance to maximize traffic from organic search results.
Keep in mind screen resolutions of your visitors. Any intro copy should not push the product grid below the browser fold.
3. Homepage Duplicate Content
Home pages typically have the most amount of incoming link equity — and thus serve as highly rankable pages in search engines.
However, a homepage should also be treated like any other page on an eCommerce website content-wise. Always ensure that unique content fills the majority of home page body content; a homepage consisting merely of duplicated product blurbs offers little contextual value for search engines.
Avoid using your homepage’s descriptive content in directory submissions and other business listings on external websites. If this has already been done to a large extent, rewriting the home page descriptive content is the easiest way to fix the issue.
Off-Site Duplicate Content
Similar content that exists between separate eCommerce websites is a real pain point for digital marketers.
Let’s look at some of the most common forms of external (off-site) duplicate content that prevents websites from ranking as well as they could in organic search.
- Manufacturer Product Descriptions
- Duplicate Content on Staging, Development, or Sandbox Websites
- Third-Party Product Feeds (Amazon & Google)
- Affiliate Programs
- Syndicated Content
- Scraped Content
- Classifieds & Auction Sites
1. Manufacturer Product Descriptions
When eCommerce brands use product descriptions supplied by the manufacturer on their own product pages, they are put at an immediate disadvantage. These pages don’t offer any unique value to search engines, so big brand websites with more robust, higher-quality inbound link profiles are ranked higher — even if they have the same descriptions.
The only way to fix this is to embark upon the extensive task of rewriting existing product descriptions. You should also ensure that any new products are launched with completely unique descriptions.
We’ve seen lower-tier eCommerce websites increase organic search traffic by as much as 50–100% by simply rewriting product descriptions for half of the website’s product pages — with no manual link-building efforts.
If your products are very time-sensitive (they come in and out of stock as newer models are released), you should make sure that new product pages are only launched with completely unique descriptions.
You can also fill your product pages with unique content through:
- Multiple photos (preferably unique to your site)
- Enhanced descriptions with detailed insight into product benefits
- Product demonstration videos
- Schema markup
- User-generated reviews
2. Duplicate Content on Staging, Development, or Sandbox Websites
Time and time again, development teams forget, give little consideration to, or simply don’t realize that testing sites can be discovered and indexed by search engines. Fortunately, these situations can be easily fixed through different approaches:
- Adding a “noindex,nofollow” meta robots or X-robots tag to every page on the test site.
- Blocking search engine crawlers from crawling the sites via a “disallow: /” command in the “/robots.txt” file on the test site.
- Password-protecting the test site.
- Setting up these test sites separately within Webmaster Tools and using the “Remove URLs” tool in Google Search Console (or the “Block URLs” tool in Bing Webmaster Tools) to quickly get the entire test site out of Google and Bing’s index.
If search engines already have a test website indexed, a combination of these approaches can yield the best results.
3. Third-Party Product Feeds (Amazon & Google)
For good reason, eCommerce websites see the value in adding their products to third-party shopping websites. What many marketing managers don’t realize is that this creates duplicate content across these external domains. Even worse, products on third-party websites can end up outranking the original website’s product pages.
Consider this scenario: A product manufacturer with its own website feeds its products to Amazon to increase sales.
But serious SEO problems have just been created. Amazon is one of the most authoritative websites in the world, and its product pages are almost guaranteed to outrank the manufacturer’s website.
Some may view this simply as revenue displacement, but it clearly is going to put an SEO’s job in jeopardy when organic search traffic (and resulting revenue) plummets for the original website.
The solution to this problem is exactly what you would expect: Ensure that product descriptions fed to third-party sites are different than what’s on your brand’s website. We recommend giving the manufacturer description to third-party shopping feeds like Google, and writing a more robust, unique description for your own website.
Bottom line: Always give your own website the edge when it comes to authoritative and robust content.
4. Affiliate Programs
If your site offers an affiliate program, don’t distribute your own site’s product descriptions to your affiliates. Instead, provide affiliates with the same product feeds that are given to other third-party vendors who sell or promote your products.
For maximum ranking potential in search engines, make sure no affiliates or third-party vendors use the same descriptions as your site.
5. Syndicated Content
Many eCommerce brands host blogs to provide more marketable content, and some of them will even syndicate that content out to other websites.
Without proper SEO protocols, this can create external duplicate content. And, if the syndication partner is a more authoritative website, then it’s possible its hosted content will outrank the original page on the eCommerce website.
There are a few different solutions here:
- Ensure that the syndication partner canonicalizes the content to the URL on the eCommerce site that it originated from. Any inbound links to the content on the syndication partner’s website will be applied to the original article on the eCommerce website.
- Ensure that the syndication partner applies a “noindex,follow” meta robots or X-robots tag to the syndicated content on its site.
- Don’t partake in content syndication. Focus on safer channels of traffic growth and brand development.
6. Scraped Content
Sometimes, low-quality scraper sites steal content to generate traffic and drive sales through ads. Furthermore, actual competitors can steal content (even rewritten manufacturer descriptions), which can be a threat to the original source’s visibility and rankability in search engines.
While search engines have gotten much better at identifying these spammy sites and filtering them out of search results, they can still pose a problem.
The best way to handle this is to file a DMCA complaint with Google, or Intellectual Property Infringement with Bing, to alert search engines to the problem and ultimately get offending sites removed from search results.
An important caveat: The piece of content must be your own. If you’re using manufacturer product descriptions, you’ll have difficulty convincing search engines that the scraper site is truly violating your copyright. This might be a little easier if the scraper site displays your entire web page on their site, with clear branding of your website.
7. Classifieds & Auction Sites
Many eCommerce sites experience content duplication issues when other people or retailers copy their product descriptions to Craigslist, eBay, and other auction/classifieds sites. Fighting this issue is an uphill battle that’s likely to require more effort than it’s worth. Fortunately, pages on these sites expire relatively quickly.
What is within your control is your own product listings on classifieds and auction sites. Be mindful of any content duplication, and use your product feed for these sites wherever possible. At the same time, ensure that your own site’s product pages (and page updates) are crawled and indexed as regularly as possible.
What is Thin Content for eCommerce?
Thin content applies to any page on your site with little to no content that doesn’t add unique value to the website or the user. It provides terrible user experiences and can get your eCommerce website penalized if the problem grows above the unknown threshold of what Google deems acceptable.
Examples of Thin Content in eCommerce
Here are some examples of scenarios where thin content could occur on an eCommerce site.
- Thin/Empty Product Descriptions
- Test or Orphaned Pages
- Thin Category Pages
Thin/Empty Product Descriptions
As mentioned above, it’s easy for online brands to take shortcuts with product descriptions. Doing so, however, can limit your site’s organic search traffic and conversion potential.
Search engines want to rank the best content for their users, and users want clear explanations to help them with their purchasing decisions. When product pages only include one or two sentences, this helps no one.
The solution: Ensure that your product descriptions are as thorough and detailed as possible. Start by jotting down five to 10 questions a customer might ask about the product, write the answers, and then work them into the product description.
Test or Orphaned Pages
Nearly every website has outlying pages that were published as test pages, forgotten about, and now orphaned on the site. Guess who is still finding them? Search engines.
Sometimes these pages are duplicates of others. Other times they have partially written content, and some may be completely empty.
Ensure that all published and indexable content on your website is strong and provides value to a user.
Thin Category Pages
Marketers can sometimes get carried away with category creation. Bottom line: If a category is only going to include a few products (or none), then don’t create it.
A category with only one to three products doesn’t provide a great browsing experience. Too many of these thin category pages (coupled with other forms of duplicate content) can lead a site to be penalized.
The same solution applies here: Ensure that your category pages are robust with both unique intro descriptions and sufficient product listings.
Thin content can also occur when drilling down into faceted category navigation until a page is reached with no products. These are called “stub pages” and can lower search engines’ qualitative analysis of a site when too many exist.
We recommend applying a conditional “noindex,follow” meta robots or X-robots tag to these pages whenever common verbiage (“No products exist”) is used on the page by the CMS. For more technical solutions, we recommend this guide from Moz.
Thin & Duplicate Content Tools
Discovering thin and duplicate content can be one of the most difficult and time-intensive tasks website owners or marketers undertake.
This final section of our guide will show you how to find duplicate content on your website with a few commonly used tools.
Google Search Console
Many duplicate content issues (and even thin content issues) can be discovered through Google Search Console, which is free for any website.
- HTML Improvements: GSC will point out specific URLs with duplicate title tags and duplicate meta descriptions. Look for patterns — such as “duplicate title tags” and “duplicate meta descriptions” caused by category pages with URL parameters, orphaned pages with “missing title tags,” etc.
- Index Status: GSC will show a historical traffic graph of the number of pages from your eCommerce site in its index. If the graph spikes upward at any point in time, and there was no corresponding increase in content creation on your end, it could be an indication that duplicate or low-quality URLs have made their way into Google’s index.
- URL Parameters: GSC will tell you when it’s having difficulty crawling and indexing your site. This feature is fantastic for identifying URL parameters (particularly for category pages) that could lead to technically created duplicate URLs. Use search operators (see below) to see if Google has URLs with these parameters in its index, and then determine whether it is duplicate/thin content or not.
- Crawl Errors: If your website’s soft 404 errors have spiked, it could indicate that many low-quality pages have been indexed due to improper 404 error pages being produced. These pages will often display an error message as the only body content. They may also have different URLs, which can cause technical duplicate content.
Moz Site Crawl Tool
Moz offers a Site Crawl tool, which identifies internal duplicate page content, not just duplicate metadata.
Duplicate content is flagged as a “high priority” issues in the Moz Site Crawl tool. Use the tool to export reported pages with duplicate content and make the necessary fixes.
Inflow’s CruftFinder SEO Tool
Inflow’s CruftFinder SEO tool helps you boost the quality of your domain by cleaning up “cruft” (junk URLs and low-quality pages), reducing index bloat, and optimizing your crawl budget.
It’s primarily meant to be a diagnostic tool, so use it during your audit process, especially on older sites or when you’ve recently migrated to a new platform.
Search Query Operators
Using search query operators in Google is one of the most effective ways of identifying duplicate and thin content, especially after potential problems have been identified from Webmaster Tools.
The following operators are particularly helpful:
This operator shows most URLs from your site indexed by Google (but not necessarily all of them). This is a quick way to gauge whether Google has an excessive amount of URLs indexed for your site when compared to the number of URLs included in your sitemap (assuming your sitemap is correctly populated with all of your true content URLs).
Use this operator in conjunction with the site: operator to discover if URLs with particular parameters are indexed by Google. Remember: Potentially harmful URL parameters (if they are creating duplicate content and indexed by Google) can be identified in the URL Parameters section of GSC. Use this operator to discover if Google has them indexed.
Example: site:www.domain.com inurl:?price=
This operator can also be used in “negative” fashion to identify any non-www URLs indexed by Google .
Example: site:domain.com -inurl:www
This operator displays all URLs indexed by Google with specific words in the meta title tag. This can help identify duplicates of a particular page, such as a product page that may also have a “review page” indexed by Google.
Example: site:www.domain.com intitle:Maglite LED XL200
Plagiarism, Crawler & Duplicate Content Tools
A number of helpful third-party tools can identify duplicate and low-quality content.
Some of our favorite duplicate content tools include:
This tool is particularly useful at identifying external “editorial” duplicate content.
Copyscape crawls a website’s sitemap and compares all its URLs to the rest of Google’s index, looking for instances of plagiarism. For eCommerce brands, this can identify the worst-offending product pages when it comes to copied-and-pasted manufacturer product descriptions.
Export the data as a CSV file and sort by risk score to quickly prioritize pages with the most duplicate content.
Screaming Frog is very popular with advanced SEO professionals. It crawls a website and identifies potential technical issues that could exist with duplicate content, improper redirects, error messages, and more.
Exporting a crawl and segmenting duplicate content issues can provide additional insight not provided by GSC.
Siteliner is a quick way to identify pages on your eCommerce site with the most internal duplicate content. How much duplicate content returned by this tool is determined by how much unique content exists on each particular page in comparison to the repeated elements of each web page (header, sidebar, footer, etc.).
It’s especially helpful at finding thin content pages.
While the tools and technical tips recommended above can aid in identifying duplicate, thin, and low-quality content, nothing compares to years of experience with duplicate content issues and solutions.
Good news: As you identify these specific issues on your website, you’ll develop a wealth of knowledge that can be used in the future to continue cleaning up these issues — and preventing them in the future.
Start crawling and fixing today, and you’ll thank yourself for it tomorrow.
Don’t have the time or resources to tackle this SEO project? Rely on our team of experts to help clean up your website. Request a free proposal from our team anytime.